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Common Thyroid Conditions: Diagnosis and Treatment

The thyroid gland plays a vital role in regulating metabolism and numerous important functions throughout the body. Thyroid conditions are common, affecting millions of people worldwide.

If you've been diagnosed with a thyroid condition and wondered if there's anything you can do to improve your quality of life, we're happy to tell you there are MANY ways to improve thyroid dysfunction and manage chronic conditions. After receiving a diagnosis, identifying the root cause is an important step toward healthier, happier living.


Hypothyroidism is a condition in which the thyroid gland doesn't produce enough thyroid hormone. This can lead to a range of symptoms, including fatigue, weight gain, hair loss, and depression. One of the most common causes of hypothyroidism is an autoimmune condition called Hashimoto's thyroiditis. In this condition, the body's immune system attacks the thyroid gland, leading to inflammation and damage.


Hyperthyroidism, on the other hand, describes when the thyroid gland produces too much thyroid hormone. This can lead to symptoms such as weight loss, anxiety, rapid heartbeat, and heat intolerance. Graves’ disease is an autoimmune condition that is a common cause for hyperthyroidism. In the case of Graves’ disease, the immune system produces antibodies that stimulate the gland, rather than attacking it.

Thyroid nodules

Thyroid nodules are growths that develop on the thyroid gland. In most cases, they are non cancerous. Thyroid nodules can cause a range of symptoms, depending on their size and location, such as difficulty swallowing, hoarseness, or a visible lump in the neck.

At Vitality, every new medical patient receives comprehensive thyroid testing. If thyroid dysfunction is suspected, your provider may also order other tests to assess for nutrient deficiencies, adrenal function, and gut health, as these can all impact thyroid function. Treatment may involve dietary changes, stress reduction techniques, and supplements to support thyroid function and reduce inflammation.

In cases of hypothyroidism, minerals such as iodine, selenium, and zinc are highly beneficial. For individuals with hyperthyroidism, selenium and magnesium are often helpful. In some cases, medications may be necessary to bring thyroid function back into balance. For patients with thyroid nodules, surgery is sometimes necessary to remove the growths.

Thyroid dysfunction is common and can have a significant impact on overall health and wellbeing. At Vitality, we offer a holistic approach to treating thyroid conditions by addressing the underlying imbalances that contribute to the problem. By running comprehensive testing and developing individualized treatment plans, our providers can help you achieve optimal thyroid function and improve your overall health.

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If you’re looking for a more natural way to manage your health, please contact us for a discovery call to see if our approach is right for you.

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